Unai Pascual

Unai Pascual is Ikerbasque Research Professor at the Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3), Bilbao. He is also a Senior Visiting Fellow at the University of Cambridge where he was a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Land Economy (2002-2013) after having worked at the University of Manchester (2000-2002). He obtained  a MSc and PhD in environmental Economics at the University of York, UK in 2002 with a research grant from the Basque Government. His research involves bridging economics and ecology in complex social-ecological systems and has an active role as advisor to various international bodies on the economics of biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services, including the European Commission, the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP), the UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) and the Intergovernmental Platform of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). Unai has also been involved in international initiatives such as the Economics of Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity (TEEB), the UK National Ecosystem Assessment and the Japanese sub-global ecosystem assessment. He has an honorary fellowship at Bioversity International (former International Plant Genetic Resources Institute) and is associated to various scientific bodies including the AgroBIODIVERSITY scientific committee of DIVERSITAS. He has also been elected twice to the European Board of the European Society of Ecological Economists (ESEE). Unai’s research appears in more than 100 book contributions and peer reviewed articles in journals such as Science, PNAS, Global Environmental Change, Environment and Resource Economics, Ecological Economics, World Development, etc.

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Unai’s website:
Twitter: @unaipasku

Áreas de interés

Ecological Economics, Development Economics, Economics of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Global Environmental Change and Sustainability, Climate Change, Environmental Governance and Policy, Biodiversity and climate change, Environmental Science for Policy platforms.


Publicaciones recientes

Journal articles:

  • Bateman, I.J, Harwood, A.R. Mace, G.M., Watson, R.T., Abson D.J., Andrews, B., Binner A., Crowe A., Day, B.H., Dugdale, S., Fezzi, C., Foden, J., Hadley, D., Haines-Young, R., Hulme, M., Kontoleon, A., Lovett, A.A., Munday, P., Pascual, U., Paterson, J., Perino, G., Sen, A., Siriwardena, G., van Soest, D., Termansen, M. (2013). Bringing ecosystem services into economic decision making: Land use in the UK. Science. 341, 45-50. DOI: 10.1126/science.1234379
  • Phelps, J., Carrasco, L.R., Webb, E.L., Koh, L.P., Pascual, U. 2013. Agricultural intensification escalates future conservation costs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNSAS). 110 (19): 7601–7606.
  • Narloch, U., Pascual, U., Drucker, (2013). How to achieve fairness in payments for ecosystem services? Empirical insights from agrobiodiversity conservation auctions. Land Use Policy 35: 107-118.
  • Muradian, R., M. Arsel, L. Pellegrini, F. Adaman, B. Aguilar, B. Agarwal, E. Corbera, D. Ezzine de Blas, J. Farley, G. Froger, E. Garcia-Frapolli, E. Gómez-Baggethun; J. Gowdy,, N. Kosoy,J.F. Le Coq, P. Leroy,P. May,P. Méral, P. Mibielli, R. Norgaard, B. Ozkaynak, U. Pascual,W. Pengue, M. Perez,D. Pesche, R. Pirard, J. Ramos-Martin, L. Rival, F. Saenz, G. Van Hecken, A. Vatn, B. Vira, K. Urama. (2013) Payments for ecosystem services and the fatal attraction of win-win solutions. Conservation Letters. 6(4):274-279.
  • Kumar, P., Brondizio, E., Gatzweiler, F., Gowdy, J., de Groot, J., Pascual, U., Reyers, B., Suhkdev. (2013) The economics of ecosystem services: from local analysis to national policies. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. 5(1):78-86.
  • Rincón, A., Pascual, U., Romero, M. (2013) An exploratory spatial analysis of illegal coca cultivation in Colombia using local indicators of spatial association and socio-ecological variables. Ecological Indicators. 34:103-112
  • Rincón, A., Pascual., U., Flantua, S., (2013). Examining spatially varying relationships between coca crops and associated factors in Colombia, using geographically weight regression. Applied Geography, 37: 23-33. 10.1016/j.apgeog.2012.10.009
  • Krishna, V.V, Drucker, A.G. Pascual, U., Raghu, P.T., King, E.D.I. (2013) Estimating compensation payments for on-farm conservation of agricultural biodiversity in developing countries. Ecological Economics. 87: 110–123
  • Stromberg, P., Dedeurwaerdere, T., Pascual, U., 2013. The heterogeneity of public ex-situ collections of microorganisms: Empirical evidence about conservation practices, industry spillovers and public goods. Environmental Science and Policy. 33:19-27
  • Nordhagen, S. and Pascual, U. (2012). The Impact of Climate Shocks on Seed Purchase Decisions in Malawi: Implications for Climate Change Adaptation. World Development. 43: 238-251. 10.1016/j.worlddev.2012.08.002.
  • Hoyos, D., Mariel, P. Pascual, U., Etxano, I. (2012). Valuing a Natura 2000 network site to inform land use options using a discrete choice experiment: an illustration from the Basque Country. Journal of Forest Economics.. 18: 329-344 10.1016/j.jfe.2012.05.002
  • Chiabai, A., Galarraga, I, Markandya, A., Pascual, U. (2012) The Equivalency Principle for Discounting the Value of Natural Assets: An Application to an Investment Project in the Basque Coast. Environmental and Resource Economics. DOI: 10.1007/s10640-012-9589-8. In press.
  • Jackson, LE, Pulleman, M , Brussaard, L, Bawa, K, Brown, G, Cardoso, I, de Ruiter, P, Garcia-Barrios, L, Hollander, A, Lavelle, P, Ouedraogo, E, Pascual, U, Setty, S, Smukler, S, Tscharntke, T, van Noordwijk, M. (2012). Social-ecological and regional adaptation of agrobiodiversity management across a global set of research regions. Global Environmental Change. 22(3):623-639
  • Ziegler, A, Phelps, J, Yuen, J, W, E, Lawrence, D, Fox, J, Bruun, T, Leisz, S, Mertz, O, Dressler, W, Ryan, C, Pascual, U, Padoch, C, Koh, L.P (2012). Carbon outcomes of major land-cover transitions in SE Asia: Great uncertainties and REDD+ policy implications. Global Change Biology. 18(10): 3087-3099. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02747.x.
  • Narloch, U., Pascual, U., Drucker, A. (2012). Collective action dynamics under external rewards: experimental insights from Andean farming communities. World Development. 40(10): 2096–2107. DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2012.03.014
  • Corbera, E., and Pascual, U., (2012). Ecosystem services: heed social goals, Science, 335(6069): 655-656. DOI:10.1126/science.335.6069.655-c.
  • Pascual, U., Jackson, L., Drucker, A. (2012). Economics of Agrobiodiversity. Encyclopaedia of Biodiversity. In press.
  • Van Vliet, N. Mertz, O., Heinimann, A., Langanke, T., Adams, C., Messerli, P., Leisz, S., Pascual, U., Schmook, B., Schmidt-Vogt, D., Castella, J-C., Jørgensen, L., Birch-Thomsen, T.., Hett, C., Bech-Bruun, T., Ickowitz, A., Chi Vu, KI., Yasuyuki, K., Fox, J., Dressler, W., Padoch, C., Ziegler, A.D. (2012) Trends, drivers and impacts of changes in swidden cultivation in tropical forest-agriculture frontiers: A global assessment. Global Environmental Change.22(2): 418–429 Doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.10.009
  • Sunderland, L-A., Gabriel, D., Pascual, U., Schmutz, Rigby, D Godwin, R, Sait, S.M, Sakrabani, R., Kunin, W.E., Benton, T.G, Stagl, S. (2012), The ‘neighbourhood effect’: a multidisciplinary assessment of the case for farmer co-ordination in agri-environmental programmes. Land Use Policy. 29: 502-512 doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2011.09.003
  • Narloch, U., Pascual, U., Drucker, A.G. (2011) Cost-effectiveness targeting under multiple conservation goals and equity considerations in the Andes. Environmental Conservation. 38(4): 417-425. doi:10.1017/S0376892911000397
  • Pascual, U., Narloch, U., Nordhagen, S., Drucker, A. (2011). The economics of agrobiodiversity conservation for food security under climate change. Economía Agraria y Recursos Naturales. 11(1): 191-220.
  • Narloch, U., Drucker A. and Pascual, U (2011) Payments for agrobiodivesity conservation services for sustained on-farm utilization of plant and animal genetic resources Ecological Economics, 70(11): 1837-1845. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.05.018
  • Rodríguez, L.C., Pascual, U., Muradian, R., Pazmino, N., Whitten S. (2011). Towards a unified scheme for environmental and social protection: Learning from PES and CCT experiences in developing countries. Ecological Economics. 70(11):2163-2174. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.06.019
  • Wegner, G., Pascual, U. (2011). Cost-benefit analysis in the context of ecosystem services for human well-being: A multidisciplinary critique. Global Environmental Change 21(2):492-504. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2010.12.008
  • Wu, J., Fisher, M., Pascual, U. (2011). Urbanization and the viability of local agricultural economies. Land Economics. 87(1):109-125.
  • Reyes-García, V., Pascual., U., Vadez, V, Huanca, T. (2011). The role of ethnobotanical skills and agricultural labor in forest clearance. Evidence from the Bolivian Amazon. Ambio. 40(3): 310-321 DOI 10.1007/s13280-010-0107-3
  • Pascual, U., Corbera, E. (2011). Payments for Environmental Services: Perspectives and innovative experiences for nature conservation and rural development. Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros. 287: 11-32.
  • Pascual, U. (2011). Governing the Environment: Salient institutional Issues. (book review) Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences. 8(1): 69-71.
  • Omer, A., Pascual, U. and Russell, N.P. (2010) A theoretical model of agrobiodiversity as a supporting service for sustainable agricultural intensification. Ecological Economics. 69(10):1926-1933. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.04.025
  • Krishna, V., U. Pascual, D. Zilberman (2010). Assessing the potential of labelling schemes for in-situ landrace conservation: An example from India. Environment and Development Economics. 15: 127-151. DOI: 10.1017/S1355770X09990155
  • Martínez-Alier, J., Pascual, U., Vivien, F-D., Zaccai, E. (2010). Sustainable de-growth: Mapping the context, criticisms and future prospects of an emergent paradigm. Ecological Economics, 69(9): 1741-1747. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.04.017
  • Stromberg, P., Pascual, U., Bellon, M. (2010). Seed systems and farmers’ seed choices: The case of maize in the Peruvian Amazon. Human Ecology. 38: 539-553. DOI: 10.1007/s10745-010-9333-3
  • Pascual, U., Muradian, R., Rodríguez, L.C, Duraiappah, A. (2010) Exploring the links between equity and efficiency in payments for environmental services: a conceptual approach. Ecological Economics. 69(6):1237-1244. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2009.11.004
  • Muradian, R. Corbera, R. Pascual, U., Kosoy, N. May, P.H. (2010) Reconciling theory and practice: an alternative conceptual framework for understanding payments for environmental services. Ecological Economics. 69(6):1202-1208. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2009.11.006
  • Soto, J.L., Valdivia, E., Drucker, A., Narloch, U., Pascual, U., Pinto, M. (2010). Payments for agrobiodiversity conservation services (PACS) and its interlinkages with collective action and property rights (Case study: quinoa). CienciaAgro. Journal de Ciencia y Tecnologia Agraria. 2(1): 188-198.

Book chapters:

  • Garmendia, E. and Pascual, U. (2013) A justice critique of environmental valuation for ecosystem governance. Chapter 8 in Sikor, T. “Justices and Injustices of Ecosystem Services” Routledge. London, UK. ISBN: 978-0-415-82540-5
  • Stromberg, P.M. Pascual, U. Ituarte-Lima, C. 2012. “Property Rights and Government Involvement in Market-like Biodiversity Conservation: Empirical analysis of bioprospecting” In: Governing the Provision of Ecosystem Services, (Muradian, R., Rival, L, Eds). Springer, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
  • Dedeurwaerdere, T., P.M. Stromberg and Pascual, U. (2012). Social motivations and incentives in ex situ conservation of microbial genetic resources. In: Dulong de Rosnay, M. and de Martin, J.C (eds). The Digital Public Domain: Foundations for an Open Culture. Chapter 6, pp. 111-124. Openbook Publishers. Cambridge, UK. ISBN: 978–1-906924–46-1
  • Ishihara, I., Pascual, U. (2011). Social Capital and Collective Action in Environmental, Governance Revisited . (in Brousseau, E., Dedeurwaerdere, T., Jouvet, M. Willinger, P.-A, (Eds): “Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms”. Chapter 1 (Part III). Oxford University Press. Oxford, UK.
  • Bateman, I., Abson, D., Beaumont, N., Darnell, A Fezzi, Hanley, N., Kontoleon, A., Maddison, D., Morling, P., Morris,J., Mourato, S., Pascual, U., Perino, G., Sen, A., Tinch, D., Turner, K., Valatin, G.. Chapter 22: Economic Values from Ecosystems. In: UK National Ecosystem Assessment (2011) The UK National Ecosystem Assessment Technical Report. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge.
  • Pascual, U., Muradian, R., Brander, L., Gómez-Baggethun, E., Martín-López, M, Verman, M., Armsworth, P., Christie, M., Cornelissen, H., Eppink, F., Farley, J., Loomis, J., Pearson, L., Perrings, C., Polasky, S. (2010). The economics of valuing ecosystem services and biodiversity. In Kumar, P (ed): The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity Ecological and Economic Foundations. Chapter 5, pp. 183-256. Earthscan.  
  • Kumar, P., Brondizio, E., Elmqvist, T., Gatzweiler, F., Gowdy, J., de Groot, D., Muradian, R., Pascual, U., Reyers, B., Smith, R. B-W., Sukhdev, P. (2010). Lessons learned and linkages with national policies. The economics of valuing ecosystem services and biodiversity. In Kumar, P (ed): The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity Ecological and Economic Foundations. Chapter 7, pp.285-306. Earthscan.  
  • Colman, D., Pascual, U., Hodge, I, (2010) Evolution of Land Conservation Policy. In: Changing Landscape of European Agriculture: Essays in Honour of Professor Csaba Csaki (Eds) by Ferto, I. Forgacs, C. and Jambor, A. Agroinform, Budapest.
  • Omer, A., Pascual, U. and Russell, N.P. (2010). The contribution of biodiversity to modern intensive farming systems. In Stewart Lockie and David Carpenter ed: “Agriculture, Biodiversity and Markets: Livelihoods and Agroecology in Comparative Perspective”. pp 117-136. Earthscan.




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